Copyright, trademarks, and patents protect different kinds of intellectual property. January What this means is that you may use an orphan work in Canada if you obtain a license. As you would imagine, each category includes a wide variety of material. Direct Infringement Direct infringement is where someone, without permission, does something only the copyright owner has the right to do or authorize.
Sole With a sole licence the copyright owner reserves its rights to make use of and copy its own work, but agrees not to license any other person than the sole licensee. Where the author is unknown, copyright exists for the shorter of two periods: the remainder of the calendar year of the first publication plus 50 years; or the remainder of the calendar year of the making of the work plus 75 years.
This was revised so that protection is limited as follows: Duration of copyright with respect to posthumous works  Where an author dies Copyright and New Technology Another important issue concerning copyright centres on the arrival of new media technologies, and their normative and practical implications for copyright law in Canada.
Moral rights cannot be assigned but may be waived. However, because there are so many people who copy works without permission, you may want to take additional steps to let them know your work is copyrighted. Protecting valuable creations A poem, painting, musical score, performer's performance, computer program—all are valuable creations, although perhaps no one can measure their worth.
This has resulted in an explosion in the distribution of intellectual goods, as wealth no longer dictates who may gain access to these materials.
These limitations may be classified into two broad categories: exemptions and compulsory licences.