Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria. The pathogen enters the body through sexual activity, or when some comes in contact with the infected persons bodily fluids, such as blood, semen, or vaginal fluid This article will review the epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, etiology and management of Chlamydia.
It can infect both men and women.
In men, if symptoms are present, they may include: discharge from the penis sore, swollen testes. The CDC guidelines 59 for the prevention and control of STDs are based on five major concepts: i Education and counselling on safer sexual behaviour in persons at risk. Thirty per cent of the Chlamydia infected cases had HIV infection, while the analysis revealed that 50 per cent of the HIV positive cases happened to be proven C.
Other things that can go wrong is the female not being able to carry the child full term. Sexually active females and males should be tested every year. It is almost always transmitted through sexual contact.
Keywords: Chlamydia trachomatis, epidemiology, genetics, immunology, treatment Introduction Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections worldwide 1and women carry the major burden of the disease.
There is no chance that sharing the leotards would give her chlamydia. This happens either by having receptive anal sex, or by spread from another infected site such as the vagina.
In several studies, repeated chlamydial infection was associated with PID and other reproductive sequelae, although it was difficult to determine whether the risk per infection increased with recurrent episode Chlamydial infection may also affect the male fertility by directly damaging the sperm as sperm parameters, proportion of DNA fragmentation and acrosome reaction capacity are impaired.